Hiv test kit singapore are used to detect the presence of HIV antibodies. A person who has been infected with HIV can have no symptoms for years; another form of testing is used for people who are already exhibiting AIDS symptoms. This is a blood test that measures the number of helper T-cells in the bloodstream, which become depleted as HIV advances to AIDS.
How do you know if someone has HIV?
HIV can cause a range of symptoms. Some people may not experience any symptoms and may be unaware that they are infected. Others may develop flu-like symptoms such as fever, swollen glands, rash, or muscle aches. In some cases, the first noticeable sign of HIV infection is an opportunistic infection such as pneumonia or tuberculosis.
Some people with HIV experience no symptoms for 10 years or longer. When they do appear, they often resemble those of other diseases and are not specific to HIV infection. This can make it difficult to diagnose early on. As the disease progresses, however, more specific symptoms may develop as well as more frequent infections due to declining immune function (opportunistic infections). As the immune system weakens from HIV infection, it loses its ability to fight off infections commonly seen in the general population.
Different tests exist that can detect HIV
Blood tests are the most common way to test for HIV. When you go for an HIV test, you have a pinprick on your finger or heel and a sample of your blood is taken. The sample is sent to a laboratory where it is tested for signs of HIV. The results will be available in 2-3 weeks, although some tests can give results in 24 hours.
Antibody test: This is the most common test for diagnosing HIV, but it’s not always accurate. If a person has been infected for less than six months, the antibodies may not be present in their blood to be detected by this test.
hiv test kit singapore: A rapid screening test can detect if you have been infected with HIV in your blood within 15 to 20 minutes. You need to be tested every three months if you’ve had unprotected sex with a partner who has been diagnosed with HIV or if you are at risk of being exposed to the virus.
RNA test: An RNA test detects genetic material from the virus itself. It can identify whether someone has been infected with HIV earlier than the antibody tests can usually within seven days of exposure but it cannot tell when they were infected.